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Petra, Jordan



Petra… More than a miracle.

Petra, the capital of the Nabataean Arab world, is one of the most famous archaeological sites in the world and the most important tourist attraction in Jordan, visited by tourist groups from all over the world, located 240 km south of Amman and 120 km from the Gulf of Aqaba – Red Sea (map), Petra is characterized by the nature of its pink rock architecture, which contains a mixture of ancient architecture belonging to diverse civilizations, a whole city carved in pink rock.






Petra is a unique example of the oldest Arab civilization (Nabataean civilization), where the Nabataean Arabs carved it from rock more than 2,000 years ago, and is a witness to the richest and most creative ancient Arab civilizations, where the site of Petra remained undiscovered to the West throughout the Ottoman period, even It was rediscovered by the Swiss orientalist Johann Ludwig Burkhardt in 1812, through an expedition in the Levant, Egypt and The Arabian Peninsula for the Royal Geographical Society of Britain, so many scholars and orientalists call Petra “the lost city” because it is delayed to The world, described by the English poet Bergen as the stunning eastern city, the pink city of no other.

The Kingdom of The Nabataeans flourished and extended its borders south ward to reach the north-west of the Arabian Peninsula, where the city of Madan Saleh is located, and the Nabataeans extended their influence to reach the shores of the Red Sea and the eastern Sinai Peninsula and the Horan Plain area in Syria to damascus, surrounded by the Kingdom of Nabatiyeh and its capital Petra many kingdoms and civilizations: including pharaonic civilization in the west, civilization of Palmyra to the north, and the civilization of Mesopotamia to the east, so the Nabatae kingdom was in the middle of the civilizations of the ancient world, and the capital of Petra many kingdoms and civilizations: including pharaonic civilization in the west, the civilization of Palmyra in the north, and the civilization of Mesopotamia to the east, so the Nabatae Kingdom was in the middle of the civilizations of the ancient world, and the center of the world continues to meet different civilizations.

The Nabataeans are known for their water engineering and water harvesting techniques and have been the owners of the idea since ancient times, where the Nabataeans developed irrigation systems, rainwater collection and springs, and mastered the construction of dams and reservoirs that they dug in the rock, as well as long-distance canals, as well as their building agricultural terraces in the slopes to exploit land in agriculture.






Archaeological sites inside Petra

Al-Siq is a rock-cleft main road that reaches the city, 1200 meters long, 3 to 12 meters wide, and 80 meters high.

Treasury: One of the most famous and important landmarks in Petra, named after the Bedouins believe that it contains treasure, consists of two floors each floor 39 meters high, 25 meters wide, and consists of three rooms.

Petra Theatre: One of the largest buildings in the ad, built in the first century AD, it looks like a half-circle, and can accommodate 10,000 people.

The monastery: Dating back to the first half of the first century BC, it consists of two floors.

The Palace of the Girl: Also known as the Palace of the Daughter of Pharaoh, it was built in the first century BC.

Court: It consists of several important facades such as the tomb of the jar.

The Great Temple: One of the largest buildings built in it, located on the south side of the paved street.

Altar: Its origins date back to the Adomis, and it was used as a link in the days of the Crusader rule between the Al-Awrah castle and the Al-Habis Castle.

Other sites: The Temple of the Orchard, the Tomb of the Obelisks, the Tomb of the Kings, the Tomb of the Roman Soldier, the Funeral Hall, the Winged Black Temple, the Silk Tomb, the Tomb of the Palace, the Cemetery of Sxtos Florentinos, the Tomb of the Renaissance, and the Corinthian Tomb.