The desert is the region that receives about 254 millimeters of rain or less each year, but varies from geography to another, from the frozen Arctic, to the colorful sand dunes in Africa, through the sandy expanses covered by wildflowers. In this context, an overview of the five deserts classified as the most beautiful in the world:
It is a barren desert, located in the southwestern United States of America, and has an area of 124,000 square meters. It is bordered by the Great Basin desert to the north, and the “Sonoran” desert to the south and east. Topological borders include the Tehachapi Mountains to the west, the San Gabriel Mountains, and the San Bernardino Mountains to the south.
The desert receives less than 330 millimeters of rain annually, and its height ranges from 610 to 1520 meters. The Mojave Desert also hosts about 200 species of endemic plants, including neighboring cactuses, especially cactus trees.
2. Sub-Saharan Africa
It is the largest hot desert in the world, and the third largest desert in the world after Antarctica and Arctic. It has an area of 9,200,000 square kilometers, which is similar to that of China or the United States. The desert includes a large part of North Africa, with the exception of the fertile region on the coast of the Mediterranean, the Atlas Mountains in the Maghreb, the Nile Valley in Egypt and Sudan, and it extends from the Red Sea in the east, the Mediterranean in the north to the Atlantic Ocean in the west, where the landscape changes Gradually from the desert to the coastal plains. The desert can be divided into several regions, including: the Western Desert, the central Hajar Mountains, the Tebesty Mountains, the Ayr Mountains, the Teneri Desert and the Libyan Desert.
It is a plateau in South America, covering a strip of 1,000 km, and drier being desert and non-polar. It is estimated that the “Atacama” desert occupies an area of 105,000 square kilometers.
Most of the mentioned desert area consists of stone terrain, salt lakes (salaries), sand, and lava flowing towards the Andes.
In recent years, the desert has become the habitat for Alma, the world’s largest terrestrial telescope, where studies of star formation are being made with the help of the 66 pictures taken by radio telescopes.
4. “Pardnas Rails” in Spain
It is a dry region extending over 42,000 hectares, located in the southeast of “Navarre” between “Tudela” and “Caracastello”. In the nature reserve there are plants, as well as impressive rock formations, especially “Castel de Tierra”. The soil is made of mud, chalk and sandstone, and has been eroded by water and wind, creating surprising shapes, valleys, plateaus, stranded structures and isolated hills called “capizos”.
5. The Namib Desert
The sand dunes immersed in this desert are home to desert elephants traveling 40 miles a day in search of food. It is coastal, and is located in southern Africa. Namib stretches over 2,000 kilometers along the Atlantic coasts of Angola, Namibia and South Africa, and extends south from the Karungamba River in Angola, through Namibia and the Oliphantes River in Western Cape, South Africa.
In “Namib” there are few small settlements and indigenous pastoral groups, including Ovahimba and Opatjimba Herrero in the north, and Topnar Nama in the central region.