History tourism Travel

Petra, Jordan

Petra… More than a miracle.

Petra, the capital of the Nabataean Arab world, is one of the most famous archaeological sites in the world and the most important tourist attraction in Jordan, visited by tourist groups from all over the world, located 240 km south of Amman and 120 km from the Gulf of Aqaba – Red Sea (map), Petra is characterized by the nature of its pink rock architecture, which contains a mixture of ancient architecture belonging to diverse civilizations, a whole city carved in pink rock.

Petra is a unique example of the oldest Arab civilization (Nabataean civilization), where the Nabataean Arabs carved it from rock more than 2,000 years ago, and is a witness to the richest and most creative ancient Arab civilizations, where the site of Petra remained undiscovered to the West throughout the Ottoman period, even It was rediscovered by the Swiss orientalist Johann Ludwig Burkhardt in 1812, through an expedition in the Levant, Egypt and The Arabian Peninsula for the Royal Geographical Society of Britain, so many scholars and orientalists call Petra “the lost city” because it is delayed to The world, described by the English poet Bergen as the stunning eastern city, the pink city of no other.

The Kingdom of The Nabataeans flourished and extended its borders south ward to reach the north-west of the Arabian Peninsula, where the city of Madan Saleh is located, and the Nabataeans extended their influence to reach the shores of the Red Sea and the eastern Sinai Peninsula and the Horan Plain area in Syria to damascus, surrounded by the Kingdom of Nabatiyeh and its capital Petra many kingdoms and civilizations: including pharaonic civilization in the west, civilization of Palmyra to the north, and the civilization of Mesopotamia to the east, so the Nabatae kingdom was in the middle of the civilizations of the ancient world, and the capital of Petra many kingdoms and civilizations: including pharaonic civilization in the west, the civilization of Palmyra in the north, and the civilization of Mesopotamia to the east, so the Nabatae Kingdom was in the middle of the civilizations of the ancient world, and the center of the world continues to meet different civilizations.

The Nabataeans are known for their water engineering and water harvesting techniques and have been the owners of the idea since ancient times, where the Nabataeans developed irrigation systems, rainwater collection and springs, and mastered the construction of dams and reservoirs that they dug in the rock, as well as long-distance canals, as well as their building agricultural terraces in the slopes to exploit land in agriculture.

Archaeological sites inside Petra

Al-Siq is a rock-cleft main road that reaches the city, 1200 meters long, 3 to 12 meters wide, and 80 meters high.

Treasury: One of the most famous and important landmarks in Petra, named after the Bedouins believe that it contains treasure, consists of two floors each floor 39 meters high, 25 meters wide, and consists of three rooms.

Petra Theatre: One of the largest buildings in the ad, built in the first century AD, it looks like a half-circle, and can accommodate 10,000 people.

The monastery: Dating back to the first half of the first century BC, it consists of two floors.

The Palace of the Girl: Also known as the Palace of the Daughter of Pharaoh, it was built in the first century BC.

Court: It consists of several important facades such as the tomb of the jar.

The Great Temple: One of the largest buildings built in it, located on the south side of the paved street.

Altar: Its origins date back to the Adomis, and it was used as a link in the days of the Crusader rule between the Al-Awrah castle and the Al-Habis Castle.

Other sites: The Temple of the Orchard, the Tomb of the Obelisks, the Tomb of the Kings, the Tomb of the Roman Soldier, the Funeral Hall, the Winged Black Temple, the Silk Tomb, the Tomb of the Palace, the Cemetery of Sxtos Florentinos, the Tomb of the Renaissance, and the Corinthian Tomb.

History tourism Travel

Pyramids, Egypt

The concept of pyramids pyramids

These are large buildings that belong mostly to the ancient Egyptian civilization, the base of the pyramid is square in shape, and its walls are four triangles whose heads converge at one point to form the top of the pyramid, and the pyramids were built of very hard stones with square bases, and there is a kind of pyramids The walls are called terraces or staircases, the most famous of which is the Pyramid of Saqqara, and the pyramids are royal buildings built as tombs of the pharaohs kings and their wives, built between 2630 BC and 1530 BC, numbered The pyramids discovered in Egypt are 135 pyramids, and some may wonder how the pyramids were built and are so large, and this will be answered in this article.

How the pyramids were built

The pyramids were built to be tombs of kings, the Egyptians believed in life after death, and that the deceased took with him his precious belongings, so these buildings were fortified, and every meditator of the pyramids and the enormity of their construction will surely wonder how the pyramids were built, the genius of the construction in the pyramids Is the precise engineering method in which these buildings were constructed, such as the pillars of the pyramids constructed towards the four sides, and the product of multiplying the height of the pyramid in a billion results in a number equal to the distance between the sun and the Earth, and divides the continents of the world into two equal parts of the orbit Passing through the center of the pyramid, and in the Pyramid of Manqar, the smallest pyramid among the pyramids of Egypt, there is a circular opening for the sun to enter the tomb of the Pharaonic king of Manqar in just one day during the whole year.

The names of the pyramids in Egypt after the answer to the question: How the pyramids were built, the names of some of the pyramids in Egypt, which are considered one of the most magnificent architectural buildings in the history of human civilization, built during the time of ancient Pharaonic civilization, will be reviewed

Zoser Pyramid:

A listed pyramid located in Saqqara, one of the oldest pyramids and huge buildings around the world, built during the reign of the Third Dynasty of the Pharaohs. The Red Pyramid: Located in the south of Cairo and named the Pyramid of the Orient, the red limestone stones were used in its construction, which is called red, and its third order in size, built during the reign of Pharaoh Sanfro.

Khufu Pyramid:

The Great Pyramid of the Pyramids of Giza, built by Pharaoh Khufu, approximately 2.3 million pieces of stone were used to build this pyramid, and the Pyramid of Khufu is approximately 481 feet high.

Manqar Pyramid:

The third pyramid of the Pyramids of Giza, but smaller than the first and second pyramids, built around 2490 BC, has a funerating temple. The Pyramid of Khaffar: the second pyramid of the Pyramids of Giza, built around 2520 BC.